W. Lee-Bloem, MD, ABHM, a holistic psychiatrist practicing in Olney,
Maryland, has successfully defeated the Maryland Board of Physicians
and protected her legal right to continue practicing orthomolecular
psychiatry and energy medicine.
After a raging two-year battle in the Maryland courts and at the
administrative level, Lee-Bloem delivered a crushing legal defeat
to the board in three ways. First, the Administrative Law Judge
(ALJ), Geraldine A. Klauber, of the Maryland Office of Administrative
Hearings, dismissed most of the Maryland board's charges against
Lee-Bloem, stating that as a matter of law, the Board of Physicians
could not prosecute the practice of alternative medicine and energy
medicine through the peer review process. To keep the prosecution
alive, the board grasped at straws and charged Lee-Bloem with violating
the "standard of care" of one patient only.
Second, after a three-day trial, the ALJ wrote a 50-page decision,
stating that the board had no legal grounds to prosecute Lee-Bloem
in the first place, having failed to define what the "standard
of care" was, let alone convince her of any violations of the
same. And third, as of February 5, 2009, the board issued its final
decision to dismiss all charges against Lee-Bloem without any conditions
or probation. This complete dismissal of a case by the Maryland
board has set a new precedent and is the first decision of its kind
in the history of the state of Maryland for a holistic physician.
Jacques Simon, the lead attorney in this case, brilliantly executed
the defense on behalf of Lee-Bloem through the proceedings in the
state courts and at the administrative level. With national legal
expertise in protecting integrative health care and physicians who
practice cutting-edge medicine, he defeated the Maryland board in
its efforts to quash alternative medicine, which were marred by
legal and constitutional deficiencies. Alan Dumoff, an attorney
practicing in Maryland, added his many years of additional experience,
acumen, and skill in defending alternative medicine as the local
Also supporting Lee-Bloem during the administrative proceedings
as expert witnesses were Hyla Cass, MD, a renowned holistic psychiatrist
and author, and Michael Spodak, MD, chairman of the Peer Review
Committee, with 20 years of experience on the statewide peer review
committee. Both were instrumental in the successful defeat of the
board's intent to punish Lee-Bloem for practicing "outside
the standard of care," or, in other words, using nutritional
supplements and energy medicine to help a patient to successfully
reduce prescription medication use.
The Maryland board began the peer review proceedings against Lee-Bloem
after receiving a letter of complaint from a patient's former partner
(April 2005), who had never been involved in the patient's treatment.
The complainant had had a hostile relationship with the patient
and objected to the patient's preference for integrative medicine.
The patient had then immediately written to the board to ask it
to drop all proceedings against Lee-Bloem, clarifying all misrepresentations
in the former partner's letter of complaint. However, the Maryland
board chose to ignore the patient's request and moved forward with
the peer review proceedings in August 2006. Significantly, in an
apparent attempt to block access to important information from the
patient and to minimize the importance of the patient's satisfaction
with Lee-Bloem's medical care, the board prohibited the state peer
reviewers from interviewing the patient. It did so under the pretense
that interviewing the patient might trigger additional medical complications.
That position was derided by the lead peer reviewer, Spodak. He
stated that the board's position was insulting to the peer reviewers,
who routinely treated such conditions and knew how to interview
psychiatric patients without causing further medical complications.
Because the first two peer reviewers differed in their opinions
about the case, a third was called in to break the tie. It was revealed
during the administrative hearings that this third had a significant
conflict of interest: he had been the last treating physician before
Lee-Bloem took over. In fact, he was the attending physician who
provided treatment during the patient's last hospitalization –
the very treatment that the patient rejected in favor of orthomolecular
This reviewer kept his involvement in the patient's treatment a
secret, until questioning during the cross examination forced him
to reveal this embarrassing fact. He expressed in court that he
thought that he did not have a conflict of interest in the case
and thus had not felt compelled to disclose this information to
None of the peer reviewers had any training or clinical experience
in orthomolecular psychiatry or energy medicine. However, this did
not prevent two of them from believing that they could judge a holistic
psychiatrist's treatment decisions, and they proceeded to do so
without any consideration for or understanding of the role of nutrition
in mental health.
The board's efforts to marshal a legally flawed case against Lee-Bloem
included but were not limited to: (1) not interviewing the patient;
(2) deliberately and repeatedly misrepresenting the patient's psychiatric
condition under Lee-Bloem's care in its own documents given to the
peer reviewers and subsequently made available during the discovery
process; (3) claiming agreement among its own peer reviewers when
none existed; and (4) trying to prevent Spodak from testifying.
Despite these various manipulations, the board failed to support
any of its charges, and the ALJ was clearly unconvinced by its attempt,
as demonstrated by her complete dismissal of all charges on September
The Maryland board, however, had a history of ignoring the ALJ's
decisions regarding alternative medicine practices if they conflicted
with its agenda. In addition, over the years, the board had developed
a reputation for hostility towards holistic medicine, and was notorious
for removing licenses from clinicians practicing integrative medicine
in Maryland despite dismissal of the charges by the ALJ.
In this case, the board was fully prepared to eliminate Lee-Bloem's
practice as was its routine. During the administrative hearing,
the board presented to the ALJ a multipage document, outlining a
list of punitive measures intended for Lee-Bloem. In this case,
however, she was also suing the board in civil court for violation
of her due process rights. With the involvement of the civil courts,
the Maryland board for the first time had to answer to judges and
laws outside the administrative setting.
Although the courts initially allowed the administrative process
to unfold before hearing the due process violations complaints,
the board knew that Lee-Bloem was determined to continue her fight
in the civil courts based upon the legal grounds that she had won
as a result of the ALJ's decision. Without any evidence to support
its charges before the civil courts, and lacking any legal grounds
for charges according to the ALJ, the Maryland board had little
choice but to finally – and begrudgingly – dismiss all
charges on February 5, 2009.
In light of all the challenges that had to be faced to win this
case, it is truly a victory to be celebrated. Against overwhelming
odds, Lee-Bloem defended integrative medicine against a state organization
that had every advantage, and she won hands down. It is hoped that
announcing this victory will further encourage all those interested
in the progress of integrative medicine.
Lee-Bloem is grateful for all the help and support from family,
friends, and other integrative clinicians and doctors who have helped
through advice, time, money, and emotional support throughout the
For more information on
Alice W. Lee-Bloem, MD, ABHM, please visit www.HolisticPsychiatrist.com.